Lantus

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People living with diabetes require proper understanding and management of their condition. One aspect that needs adequate comprehension is the use of insulin therapies like Lantus. In this Lantus review, we will delve into the specifics of Lantus, also known as insulin glargine, shedding light on its efficiency, uses, and potential side effects.

 What is Lantus (Insulin glargine)?

 Insulin glargine, sold under the Lantus brand, is a long-acting insulin used to treat both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It operates by lowering the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Unlike short-acting insulins, Lantus works steadily and lasts longer, often up to 24 hours. This slow and steady release of insulin aids in managing blood sugar levels efficiently throughout the day.

Insulin glargine is typically administered via an injection under the skin. It’s crucial to remember that its dosage is not the same for everyone and is dependent on numerous factors like body weight, diet, activity levels, and the severity of the disease. Patients should be guided by healthcare professionals when determining the right dosage.

Drug Facts

Lantus, or insulin glargine, is a type of long-acting insulin that is used in the treatment of diabetes. This medication is designed to lower the levels of glucose in the blood by simulating the effects of natural insulin. Many diabetes patients may also know Lantus by other names such as Basaglar, Semglee, or Toujeo. These different names can sometimes confuse us, but they all refer to this key drug in our fight against diabetes.

 Understanding how Lantus works is crucial for patients and caregivers alike who need to manage diabetes treatment plans. This medication operates by replenishing the insulin that our bodies naturally produce, helping to control the levels of glucose in the blood.

How Insulin glargine (Lantus) works

 Insulin is a hormone that the body naturally produces to help regulate sugar, or glucose, in the blood. When a person has diabetes, the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not use insulin effectively. This is where Lantus comes in. Its specialized formula is designed to provide continuous, steady insulin levels over 24 hours.

Lantus is part of the Lantus drug class known as long-acting insulins. It is a synthetic form of insulin that starts to work several hours after injection and keeps working evenly for 24 hours. It effectively replaces your body’s natural insulin production, providing a stable level of insulin to help control the amount of glucose in your blood.

 What is Insulin glargine (Lantus) used for?

 Lantus functions primarily by stimulating glucose uptake in the body cells and inhibiting the production of glucose in the liver. Unlike other types of insulin, it’s designed to be absorbed slowly over 24 hours providing a constant yet low level of insulin to maintain a steady blood sugar level throughout the day. Dosage generally varies depending on the patient’s blood sugar levels, and it’s usually administered once daily, subcutaneously. However, always consult a healthcare professional for accurate dosage information.

What are the side effects of Lantus (Insulin glargine)? 

While Lantus provides essential benefits in managing diabetes, it may also lead to certain side effects. The common side effects include weight gain, mild rash or itching at the injection site, and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Symptoms of hypoglycemia include sweating, shaking, rapid heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, and tingling hands or feet. However, these side effects usually lighten up as your body adjusts to the medication.

 All medicines can have side effects and these can vary from person to person. Therefore, it’s crucial to discuss any concerns or health conditions with the healthcare provider to prevent or manage side effects effectively. If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or nursing a baby, inform your doctor or pharmacist before using Lantus as it may have implications. 

 Serious Side Effects

 It is crucial for patients starting a new medication to understand not only its benefits but also its potential side effects. Lantus, a long-acting insulin used to control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, is no exception. Midway into our review, our attention is drawn to the insulin glargine warnings related to this drug. 

Common Side Effects

 Alongside the serious side effects, Lantus has side effects that are common among most users. These include reactions at the injection site such as redness, swelling, or itching. While these are typically mild, they should be reported to a healthcare professional if they persist or worsen.

Another common side effect is weight gain, which is a usual concern for many diabetes patients. Keeping a balanced diet and regular exercise routine can help in managing this.

Pros and Cons of Insulin glargine (Lantus)

There are several types of insulin available, and they work in different ways to manage blood sugar. One such type is insulin glargine lantus. As with any medication, it is essential to thoroughly review its pros and cons before deciding on its use. It’s worth noting that the effectiveness of insulin glargine can vary between individuals based on several factors, such as their overall health status and lifestyle.

One of the significant benefits of utilizing insulin glargine Lantus is its ability to provide long-lasting, stable blood sugar control. Compared to other forms of insulin, glargine has a relatively longer duration of action that lasts nearly 24 hours. This means that it can be administered once daily, easing the management of diabetes, especially for individuals who may find multiple insulin injections burdensome.

Cost of Generic Insulin glargine (Lantus)

While insulin glargine Lantus does offer substantial benefits, there are certain hindrances to its usage. One of these challenges pertains to the glargine cost. Compared to other types of insulin, Lantus tends to be more expensive, which may impede accessibility for some patients. However, to mitigate this, some healthcare providers may offer patient assistance programs or encourage the use of generic glargine products that can help reduce the overall cost.

What are the risks and warnings for Insulin glargine (Lantus)?

Like other medications, Lantus presents potential risks and warnings that users should be aware of. Understanding these can help you make an informed decision with your healthcare provider to determine if Lantus is the right medicine for your needs. It is important to know that Lantus can sometimes cause hypoglycemia, a condition where your blood sugar levels can get too low. Symptoms can include shakiness, sweating, fast heartbeat, and blurred vision. To prevent this, it’s necessary to always monitor your blood sugar levels and follow your healthcare provider’s instructions about diet, exercise, and insulin dosage.

Infections or diseases

Additionally, diabetes itself weakens the immune system, increasing the likelihood of infections or diseases. It is also important to rotate the injection site with each dose. Healthcare professionals usually recommend a patient to switch between injecting in the abdomen, thighs, or upper arms.

Another potential risk is allergic reactions. Although rare, some individuals may have an allergic reaction to Lantus.

 Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)

Lantus, also known as insulin glargine, is a long-acting insulin that helps people with diabetes control their blood sugar levels. Manufactured by Sanofi, this prescription medication is often used by those with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes to supplement naturally occurring insulin, regulate a steady insulin level, and hence lower blood sugar. Throughout this Lantus Review 9, we will take a closer look at the various effects and side effects of this widespread insulin therapy.  

Swelling and Heart Failure

 Lantus (insulin glargine), a long-acting insulin analog, is known for its steadier and smoother effect compared to other insulins. However, like any medication, it can cause side effects. One of the potential side effects, though less common, is fluid retention leading to swelling, a condition that may worsen or trigger heart failure in some patients.

Severe Allergic Reactions

In case of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, which is characterized by trembling, excessive sweating, and dizziness, it is necessary to consume items that are high in sugar at first sign of these symptoms. It is also useful to carry glucose tablets or gels with you. However, these are not a long-term solution to ongoing episodes of hypoglycemia. A consultation with a healthcare provider is needed to adjust the medication to appropriate levels.

Insulin glargine (Lantus) dosage forms 

This medication typically comes as a clear, colorless solution that is administered subcutaneously. It comes in two primary forms, a single-patient-use prefilled SoloStar pen and a 10 mL vial. Each milliliter of the Lantus solution has 100 units (U-100) of insulin glargine.

Interactions between Insulin glargine (Lantus) and other drugs

When considering the interactions, it is essential to understand that many drugs can affect the way insulin works in the body. Other diabetes medications, including other insulins, oral antidiabetes drugs, and certain injectable medications, might intensify the hypoglycemic effect of Lantus, increasing the risk of low blood sugar. 

Insulin glargine (Lantus) contraindications 

It is also worth knowing that several factors can affect blood sugar levels and consequently, the dose of Lantus needed. These include diet, physical activity, illness, stress, other medications, and alcohol consumption. Therefore, regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is crucial for managing diabetes effectively.

 In terms of insulin dosage, it is essential to adhere strictly to the prescribed dosage and not to make changes without consulting a healthcare professional. It’s also important to inform your doctor of any other medications you might be taking as these could affect the action of insulin in your body.

Insulin glargine (Lantus) images

Consistent with other insulin brands, Insulin glargine (Lantus) is to be administered subcutaneously, and accurate dosing is determined by the individual’s existing insulin needs and blood sugar level. The high repeatability level of Lantus is indeed commendable, providing a consistent profile and reduction in the risk of nocturnal hypoglycemia. As for side effects, these are similar to other insulins, with the potential for hypoglycemia, weight gain, allergic reactions, and injection site reactions. 

Lantus Review: Patient Feedback and Experience

Most patients have positively reviewed Lantus, appreciating its once-a-day administration convenience. Some have also reported significant improvements in their HbA1c levels, reduced blood sugar variability, and fewer episodes of hypoglycemia compared to other long-acting insulins. However, like any medication, individuals’ experiences with Lantus may differ. 

How Many Units of Lantus are Normal?

 The dosage of Lantus is not a one-size-fits-all quantity; it’s principally personalised for each individual depending on a variety of factors. This includes the patient’s weight, blood sugar levels, any other medications in use, as well as their overall health condition. But, generally, doctors often start adults on a ” Lantus dosage around 10 units to 20 units once daily.

How Long Does Lantus Last?

 Lantus is a long-acting insulin, which implies it is released slowly and steadily into your bloodstream. This allows it to remain effective for approximately 24 hours. However, everyone metabolizes medications differently, so the exact duration it lasts can vary from person to person.

How Long is Lantus Good For After Opening

 Another key aspect of managing insulin is understanding how long Lantus is good for after opening. Insulin glargine should be stored in the refrigerator until it is opened. Once opened, Lantus may be kept at room temperature (below 86°F or 30°C) for up to 28 days. If stored in the refrigerator, opened Lantus may still be used within 28 days. If there is any remaining insulin after 28 days, it should be discarded. It is crucial to note that an opened vial should not be refrigerated again.

What year was Lantus approved by FDA?

 Lantus, a long-acting insulin developed by Sanofi Aventis, received its FDA approval in the year 2000. Thanks to its structure, it enters the bloodstream at a steady rate, ensuring a balanced sugar level throughout the day. This review explores further details about insulin’s noteworthy features.

Availability of Lantus  

In many countries, it is easily available in local pharmacies and even online pharmacy platforms. In conclusion, Lantus has proven to be a significant milestone in the management of diabetes. Its reliable and steady regulation of blood sugar levels, combined with its long-standing approval and widespread availability, makes it a preferred choice for many. However, like for any medication, it is recommended that patients consult healthcare providers for personalized advice before starting this treatment. 

 

Sources:

https://www.drugs.com/comments/insulin-glargine/lantus-solostar.html#:~:text=Lantus%20SoloStar%20has%20an%20average,8%25%20reported%20a%20negative%20experience.

https://www.drugs.com/comments/insulin-glargine/lantus.html

https://www.webmd.com/drugs/drugreview-148652-lantus-solostar-u-100-insulin-subcutaneous